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Over the past two months we have introduced 6 brand new training rooms, redesigned our briefing rooms to incorporate new interactive presentational material and equipment, added 2 further flat panel trainers bringing our total to 4 to support all levels of our extensive training portfolio from ab initio ground school through to type rating, and upgraded to the very latest iPad type rating Computer Based Training CBT products.

Even more enhancements are scheduled and will be announced over the coming months. Airline-ready - If required, pilots are provided with bridge and type specific training before being supplied to our Partner airlines to fill key regulatory post-holder roles and training management positions. Discover more: ctcaviation. As an organisation that specialises in the delivery of airline training and resourcing services, we regularly receive requests from our customer airlines around the world to deliver bespoke training programmes to satisfy specific requirements.

CTC Aviation believes in structured command training - not just type training in the left-hand seat. Our pre-command preparation for Senior First Officers enables them to develop relevant skills under the guidance of an experienced Training Captain in the operational environment.

The programmes cover the widest spectrum of command skills including topics ranging from leadership and communication, to managing the complexities and essential aspects of aviation law. They also encompass one-to-one feedback to ensure that your future captains are well prepared for the additional responsibilities that come with their move to the left hand seat. Having lived and worked in the Asia-Pacific, European and Latin American regions, he has a deep knowledge of international business and cultures. The forum, which will be by invitation only, offers the ideal opportunity for senior airline managers from around the world to take a tour of our newly refurbished campus and training facilities which, combined with the outstanding flying weather and our brand new fleet, creates an exceptional training environment.

The combined teams are pictured celebrating the launch together at Heathrow in October. The topic of unmanned aerial systems UAS was covered for the first time at the show in two separate panels, while other panels dealt with improving aircraft operations and the need to attract more new pilots and other professionals to careers in aviation. Attendance at the three-day conference reflected the steady but slow growth in business aviation operations at more than 26,, a bit more than at the show. Attendees visited the 1, exhibitors at the event, which included several business aviation training providers.

Also on hand were more than aircraft at both the static display at Orlando Executive Airport and within the Orange County Convention Center itself. They pointed out that there is a growing trend for business aircraft operators to begin to adopt the EBT approach originally developed by ICAO, IATA and other aviation organizations for the airline industry.

EBT focuses on developing training programs based on an individual flight department's own operations, experiences, records and identified threats to that particular operation, rather than on just standardized "one-size-fits-all" training programs. Russel, leader of the Training Advisory Subcommittee, explained to session attendees that a training management system is a subsystem of a business aviation operator's SMS.

Once the SMS is employed to identify the hazards and the threats to an individual operation, then operators can look at some type of training to mitigate those risks. Image credit: Author. A training management system allows you to take those threats identified and some training objectives to develop training or having that training developed for you.

The same type of check-thebox training for the flight operation's pilots every six months or annually, and having those pilots "jumping through the same hoops year in and year out" at times will not address the specific training needs of an individual flight department, he declared. In such cases, Taylor said that such operations need to be looking to external sources to identify those threats to their operations. One good source is NTSB accident reports. These reports are a very good source for the identification of threats to individual flight departments, he related to the audience.

Do your crews have much experience in landing on short, contaminated runways, for example? That's one way you can determine how to proceed to mitigate the level of risk and identify threats from an accident report. The FSF has conducted a preliminary study of commercial aviation operations that shows 97 percent This means that, although some business aviation pilots' approaches are unstable, they are also continuing to land.

That means that flight training departments can now introduce scenarios, circumstances or conditions into its training environment that are known to be conducive to perhaps the decision to not go-around, or perhaps other issues. A HondaJet that was employed as a flight test aircraft was on display, along with more than other business aviation jets. The limited amount of business aviation flight operations data available is one reason why the Flight Safety Foundation is beginning an initiative in cooperation with the FAA to look at global datasharing of safety information, Stein said.

The Foundation wants to drive towards predictive systems in aviation safety, and in order to have a predictive system, the aviation industry has to have high volumes of data available, he concluded. According to the Safety Committee members, professionalism in aviation is the pursuit of excellence though discipline, ethical behavior, and continuous improvement.

Another reason why professionalism was chosen as a top safety area is because it is a factor that reflects the behavior of pilots in everything they do in the cockpit, said Safety Committee member Marty Grier, senior manager of the Home Depot Aviation Department. By developing professionalism in the industry, we can make an immediate and positive impact on aviation safety and attract new people to become the industry next generation's best. True professionalism is a lifetime of climbing towards ever higher standards that you define and set for yourself.

Hickey outlined four main goals for the agency, which includes improving National Airspace System NAS air traffic control efficiency through the NextGen initiative. As a part of that discussion, he emphasized the importance of commercial and business aviation operators to consider complying with the requirement to equip their aircraft with ADS-B technologies well before the deadline to do so. Edward Bolton Jr. Administrator for NextGen. Bolton said that a government partnership with the aviation industry is the key to the success of implementing the satellite-based air traffic control system.

The issue of UAS pilot training was also discussed, with aviation attorney Paul Lange stating that business aviation operators should be able to draw from their existing trained pilot population to operate those aircraft. Rose Mooney, executive director of the Mid-Atlantic Aviation Partnership at Virginia Tech, attempted to answer the question of just how manned and unmanned aircraft will be able to operate together safely in the NAS.

Confounding that view is an ambitious research programme born in Europe - Desdemona has matured to the point at which it has recently been used for Upset Prevention and Recovery Training UPRT by the first commercial airline customer, a VVIP flight operator based in the Gulf. The project saw metal cut for the first time in and the facility was opened in ; the first research started towards the end of Underlying Science When considering what to build in order to simulate the range of physical forces imposed on any pilot flying in a vigorous flight regime, a critical factor needs to be a thorough understanding of the physiology involved.

The dual inputs of the deep understanding of human physiology and of the loads imposed on a pilot became an excellent start point. It was quickly realised that the standard hexapod motion platform as used by the normal simulators would not be capable of delivering the full range of essential motion cues. Consequently a fully gimbaled device was designed. The gimbal frame itself is mounted on a sledge, which can be manipulated on the main arm to allow control of eccentricity with respect to the main rotation.

Not only did the hardware have to be developed, but the complex software to drive it needed to be refined. It was here that another dimension of international cooperation was added for the civilian applications. Partners from many countries and research organisations contributed skills, not least from Russia, where the renowned leadingedge aerodynamic research centres of Gromov and TsAGI in Zhukovsky made contributions to the team.

Test pilots. Applications As the research progressed, the device got to the point when its unique capabilities could be used in earnest. It now routinely provides training for RNLAF F pilots, who can explore and learn recovery from departures - even including inverted spin or deep stall recovery, manoeuvres which would be too dangerous in the real aircraft.

Training for those wanting to go into space has also been delivered - not least to Bob Geldof - who lays claim to planning to be the first Irish Astronaut! Civilian Training The year of was, sadly, characterised by several loss of control LOC-I accidents involving civilian aircraft, and which resulted in heavy loss of life.

Carrying out training beyond the stall in real airliners, with the associated non-normal aircraft behaviour, such as wing-drop, control reversal and potential loss of control, is evidently not feasible. In any case not all manufacturers go so deeply into that part of the flight regime, so detailed knowledge of that flight envelope is scarce.

This time further development of aircraft class-representative flight models was obviously needed to accurately reflect typical aerodynamic characteristics of a large swept wing jet in those potentially uncharted flight regimes. Once again international cooperation resulted in a gradual refinement of the performance of Desdemona. It can now accurately produce a realistic and credible set of handling characteristics to replicate the extremes of airliner aerodynamic handling.

Part of that process was the independent assess-.

CAT Magazine - Issue 6/ by Halldale Media - Issuu

Their feedback was that the device provided a very good representation of what the big aircraft really behaved and felt like when in those extreme circumstances. It is here where Halldale had some small part to play. Halldale was there to record the immediate impressions after the training had been delivered early in November. Desdemona, a Unique UPRT Simulator The training consisted of a one day course, with the theory of aerodynamic effects and spatial disorientation explained before an individual session in the Desdemona simulator.

It was interesting to hear the enthusiasm with which the three pilots described their experience. Each had a slightly different take on it, but all greatly valued the training. One pilot found it greatly increased his confidence and, as a training captain, will significantly boost his credibility when he briefs and trains his fellow pilots in his company. Another was surprised by the exposure to genuine spatial disorientation - he was astonished by the fragility of the human senses in conditions that they were not designed for.

There was huge. All the pilots not only thought that the training was hugely worthwhile, but also emphasised that the whole sequence had been very enjoyable, and had greatly added to the sum of their aeronautical experience. One observation was that, where other devices are good at training both the recognition and prevention of upsets, they are less well adapted to showing the recovery element from extreme situations.

This recovery training is the great strength of Desdemona. Conclusion This first training package was very effective. What was interesting is that the crews strongly suggested that the training be increased to a two day course, with extended briefing on the theory, coupled with more detailed briefing on the scenarios played out in the simulator.

Flight Physics

What we are talking about here is simply the fine tuning of a fascinating and effective programme. Desdemona is a complex device, but it does hugely extend the range of UPRT. This currently unique device will never be able to deliver such training to the vast majority of commercial pilots, although without doubt lead trainers at airlines would benefit, but it does reinforce the drive to understand and train in an area which the industry is now addressing with considerable vigour.

This year the goal was to focus explicitly on training outcomes, and the art and science of configuring both technology and technique to optimise those outcomes. See the note after this report, as well as the Editorial Comment in this issue. Ryanair has not been able to find assessment differentiation between nationalities, levels of English-language proficiency, specific flight schools, or whether the candidate has come from an Integrated or Modular CPL.

Plenary session topics drilled into. Lithium battery fires were also addressed, including the status of current regulatory guidance and some practical tips on how to deal with passenger-carried device risk. The regulatory session saw EASA return to the podium with a detailed update on current aircrew regulations, including upset prevention, relief pilots, and their tasking in the area of competency-based training and EBT.

Simulator tools and data are quickly evolving, and flight data, tied to evaluation criteria from the simulator session, can contribute enormously to training, including EBT. He saw no significant problems, but cautioned that regulators are locally changing and adapting the intentions of Competence-based Training, risking that a global harmonisation of training standards, especially for MPL, may move out of reach. Notably, ExpressJet from the US weighed-in on global pilot demand, indicating that for the US regional airlines, the pilot shortage was real and now having a serious impact.

Delegates also heard that the proficiency check required under Appendix 9 of EASA has changed little, despite technological advances and operational evidence. There was insight into aviation law for flight crews and tips for how to operate for fuel and environmental efficiency. A number of viewpoints were heard on the issue of tablets and mobile devices in aviation training, including the fully iPad Integrated Solution for Air France Pilot Training.

Airbus continued with the lithium battery challenge and outlined the crew procedures they initially developed for the A The advantages of crew pre-qualification and cabin crew licensing were presented by Inflight Innovations. Social media issues were next up from Southwest Airlines, with the note that since every passenger has a camera, everything can be recorded; pictures of an actual evac can - and have - been transmitted around the world even before the emergency vehicles arrive.

The International Civil Aviation English Association ICAEA explored on-board communications issues and submitted that cabin crew should have the same language proficiency programmes as pilots. Medical training and joint CRM training was another critical theme as presented by SWISS, and also the importance of joint training with airport rescue crews. The last cabin session was delivered through group discussion and zeroed in on current and future challenges as a final recap of the conference stream. Training Technology Panel Pilot and cabin delegates returned for a special final joint session of expert panelists to discuss Training Technologies and Techniques.

The conference had come full circle over the two days - from identifying the major issues to proposing potential solutions. Above people from 61 airlines and 41 countries attended EATS , along with 48 international exhibitors. ATS has marked a turning point in relationships between the professional pilot training industry and EASA with a recognised change in emphasis from EASA in its dealings with the industry. It has been well known for some time that change was coming to the Colognebased facility that is responsible for aviation regulation in Europe, and it has never become more obvious than at EATS in Berlin this last October.

This year EATS incorporated a new part of the event on the evening preceding the main conference when over delegates, mainly heads of Training from airlines, training organisations and some regulators gathered for discussions on the difficulties and problems found with EASA regulations and actions.

EASA agreed to attend the meeting and gave very full and frank responses to the issues raised, staying at the meeting for over an hour, and then continuing in one on one discussions with individual delegates for nearly a further hour. In the course of the discussions EASA became very aware that their interaction with the industry had obviously not been as fruitful for them as it should have been, and they announced the following day that as a direct result of.

The new Industry Advisory Group was confirmed on the opening day of EATS and has subsequently moved further ahead, with a very tight group of industry representatives from all aspects of the professional pilot training sector being represented - fixed wing, rotary, airline, large and small training organisations, corporate and business operator training organisations, manufacturers and includes a representative of the professional pilot unions, in all totalling just 10 individuals.

Trevor Woods, the EASA director responsible made the announcement, and it is thought that meetings will take place at about three monthly intervals. The small Group should enable a much quicker reaction both by EASA and stakeholders with the full effects, com-. This is a major step forward and should solve and avoid many of the disagreements and difficulties that have plagued the introduction of EASA FCL and it was a very pleasant surprise to find that the new EASA Board and Management were moving forward in such a positive manner.

It will give those attending from whichever sector of the professional pilot training industry a chance to raise and discuss issues on a face to face basis with those both making and interpreting the EASA FCL and associated flight operations training issues. Indeed if you are currently having significant difficulties in any area then please contact the author to get them on to the agenda for future discussion.

Bringing together academic insight and the international aviation training industry February Hyatt Regency Incheon, Republic of Korea AAETS - the APATS Aviation Education and Training Symposium aims to develop professional training and educational support programmes for safer and more efficient operations in commercial aviation, airport and air traffic management. AAETS will bring together experts from around the world to develop skills training across the civil aviation industry in Asia.

AAETS is a new international conference and tradeshow for the civil aviation training industry. AAETS will address the educational needs of the airline sector covering disciplines required in airline and airport management and development. The aim of AAETS is to develop professional training and educational support programmes for safer and more efficient operations in commercial aviation, airport and air traffic management.

AAETS is an international conference, exhibition and social event planned to maximise the opportunities for learning, networking and sharing experience and best practice. The Republic of South Korea has a well-established and rapidly growing airline industry. The South Korean authorities have a major focus to expand capability across the full range of air transport disciplines through educational support and operational training.

This new hotel has a range of restau rants and leisure facilities onsite, and transport links to Seoul are readily available. Why come to the Republic of Korea growth of 6. Recognising the importance of aviation, the Korean government has engaged a policy of Air Liberalization resulting in forecast.

The Aviation Human Resources Fostering Project is government funded with project partners that include seven air carriers, three aviation universities, three airport operators and five aviation high schools. Alongside the conference there will be an international exhibition of training solutions providers including flight simulators, hardware and software developers, flight schools and academic bodies. For the latest breaking news and in-depth reports go to www. EMP has an advanced Boeing simulator and combined with the experience and expertise of current airline training captains, provides unique scenario based training.

East Midlands Pilots' focus is to help meet the demands of airlines that are looking for the next generation of First Officers. Speaking about the new training scheme, East Midlands Pilots' managing director Andy Wallace commented: "We're thrilled to have such a unique asset in the centre of the East Midlands and to be able to train professional pilots to the highest standard.

With Ryanair, ThomsonFly and others conducting their line training at East Midlands airport, we are hopeful that East Midlands Pilots can provide a steady stream of First Officer candidates to the industry.

new aviation book

Being able to prevent loss of control in airline flight operation and appropriate recovery should it occur, is a core skill that airlines demand from their pilots. Significant discussion through aviation conferences and regulatory committees has taken place over the past three years on how this subject should be addressed.

As a consequence, it has been decided by a number of key aviation regulators e. CTC Aviation participated in these discussions and helped with initial draft avia-. This same rule applies to pilots who want to operate as a pilot in command in the part or part 91 environment. This ATP CTPs course combines both ground training and simulator training to help prepare pilots for the duties, responsibilities and challenges of the air carrier environment. Training for this certification will be provided by airline pilot instructors who will use current trends and events from the airline industry.

CTC Aviation has entered into an exclusive training partnership with Virgin Atlantic Airways to provide selection and training services for both the inaugural and subsequent Virgin Atlantic 'Future Flyers' airline pilot career programmes under the regulations of the Multi-crew Pilot Licence MPL. This fully-sponsored programme with Virgin Atlantic has been both designed and uniquely funded in such a way as to make it accessible to a wide range of applicants, enabling genuine diversity and opportunity within a broader community of aspiring pilots.

This MPL programme is the first to have been designed to enable graduates to enter directly into flying wide-body, Airbus A aircraft as co-pilots on Virgin Atlan-. The MPL route was selected by the airline after careful comparison with the traditional means by which they have previously hired their pilots.

The programme lasts for approximately 18 months and initially comprises six months of classroom and theoretical knowledge training, followed by five months of core skills flight training at CTC Aviation's newest Crew Training Centre in Phoenix, Arizona. The new simulator, which has been created by converting one of SAT's two A simulators, is not only equipped to Airbus' latest Standard 1. The device also offers further added value through extra features such as its Integrated Standby Instrument System, its Runway Awareness and Advisory System and its stateof-the-art Flight Management System.

With new dates and titles being regularly added, please visit www. The companies are targeting the facility to be operational in the first quarter of with the Bell as the initial training platform. The new training center will be. The 89, sq. Aviation Australia is expanding its six week flight attendant courses to include Sydney and Melbourne in January The courses are currently run in Brisbane. The Aviation Australia flight attendant course aims to equip participants with the comprehensive knowledge, skills, values and experience that international and domestic airlines seek when recruiting suitable candidates.

The courses have been developed by cabin crew experts in conjunction with Australian and international airlines. They provide students with extensive theoretical knowledge, hands-on skills, values and experience to ensure they are well-equipped to embark on their future career.

He brings vast experience in aviation education and managing business aviation aircraft to the team. EPST has an excellent reputation when it comes to quality: independent surveys run by pilot unions metrics reveal EPST has the highest score when it comes to successful pilot placement. This is achieved by a unique combination of the Ab Initio and the Airline Jet Foundation Course using experienced line captains and fixed based type specific BNG and A platforms. Pan Am International Flight Training Center - Thailand will serve the training needs of individuals, airlines and countries in the Asia Pacific region and will help meet the ever-increasing demand for qualified pilots there.

The training center is taking immediate booking on the Airbus A Level D full motion flight simulator, and will be installing a Boeing NG Level D simulator in the first quarter of , soon followed by two additional full motion simulators in The center also houses classrooms, conference rooms, briefing rooms, and an Airbus A multifunctional training device for systems and procedural product training. The month training program will cover all the basic courses required to become qualified as an aircraft mechanic.

Lippincott has an extensive background in military, commercial airline and general aviation operations, as well as aircraft maintenance and sales and has a deep knowledge of international business and cultures. Tom will be based at CTC Aviation's Crew Training Centre - Phoenix and is focussing upon both leading the team there, and developing the company's US operations to service both existing and new high growth markets. When a cockpit is not used in the FFS, it will be used as a fixed-base flight training device for systems procedures and maintenance training.

SEFTC, the training centre subsidiary. The Pathway Program ensures graduates have immediate. The Worlddidac Award is the most recognized prize in the education sector and an internationally recognised distinction for educational resources. It is presented every two years to innovative and pedagogically valuable products showing the latest trends in education and the highest potential to improve learning and teac—hing.

Aerospace Specialists Honoured at RAeS Awards On Wednesday 5th November, senior aviation leaders assembled at the Royal Aeronautical Society in London to honour aerospace professionals for achievements within their specialist field of expertise. The International Committee for Aviation Training in Extended Envelopes ICATEE was awarded a Specialist Team Bronze Award for the Committee's exhaustive work in addressing the challenge of reducing the number of loss of control in flight accidents and in developing a strategy for the definition of structured, standardised and validated Upset Prevention and Recovery.

Training UPRT. Co-chairman Dr. With our team, we provided the content for improved training to ICAO and to industry. EASA rule making is well under way to integrate our work into practice and, even prior to rules, several airlines around the globe have embarked upon Upset Prevention and Recovery Training. Under the contract, Spatial will design and manufacture an A cabin crew evacuation trainer for installation at Flywings Flight Academy in Gurgaon near Delhi, India.

This course provides a thorough examination of the principles and concepts of marketing as applied to healthcare organizations and healthcare services. Topics include an overview of the marketing process, consumer behavior, branding and the application of market research and analysis. The practices of product strategies, product pricing, and customer service, as essentials in healthcare, are emphasized.

This course introduces financial management vocabulary, concepts, and accounting principles necessary for effective resource utilization required within healthcare roles. Operating and capital budgets, chart of accounts, and responsibility reports are explored. Practical application will include using healthcare information to prepare a capital and operational budget. This course explores the complex legal system and emerging issues of healthcare regulation. Course discussion includes healthcare regulatory compliance and legal and ethical situations that directly apply to the healthcare environment.

Practical application will include preparation of a Code of Ethics to emphasize the potential for unethical and illegal situations within healthcare. This course discusses management principles and practice within healthcare organizations. Topics include basic principles related to motivating employees, performance management, and communication.

Practical application will include critiquing current managerial practices in a variety of healthcare organizations. This BHMC program culminates with the capstone project where a major healthcare management topic relative to a specific organization is explored and completed. The practical application will synthesize prior course information and sharpen research skills throughout the capstone project.

This course introduces core concepts of biology, including: information flow, structure-function relationships, transformation of energy and matter, biological systems, and evolution. This course provides a general foundation in biological science necessary for further study in the life sciences and allied health fields. It also serves to introduce the nonscientist to major areas of interest in the biological sciences. Topics include scientific method, cell structure, function and metabolism, introductory genetics, and ecology.

A laboratory component supports the lecture material and allows students to perform simple experiments. This course presents an introduction to modern biology with a survey of the diversity of life. Greatest emphasis will be on the structure and function of Eukarya, specifically animals, plants, fungi, and protists. A laboratory component supports and amplifies the lecture material and allows the student to perform simple experiments.

This course is an introduction to biological inquiry, including: biological laboratory procedures and techniques, applying the process of scientific investigation to biological systems, quantitative reasoning and analysis, and communication of biological findings. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in BI or instructor permission. Through a series of compelling stories about great discoveries and scientists, you will learn the basic concepts of biology.

Have you ever wondered why the world is green? How does your body protect you from being sick? Do vaccines really cause autism? Will your genes be used for medicine in the future? Are you really what you eat and how does your gut connect to your brain? Using interactive lectures, video documentaries and experiments, we will provide answer to all these questions. This course introduces basic concepts, anatomical terminology, cell structure and function and histology, followed by an in-depth study of the anatomy and physiology of the following organ systems of the human body: Integumentary, arthrology, muscular, cardiovascular and lymphatic systems.

A mandatory laboratory component supports and amplifies the lecture material and allows the student to study microscopic anatomy on slides and to perform dissection on representative animal models. An online component allows the student to practice course content with additional exercises. Prerequisites: BI strongly recommended.

This course consists of an in-depth study of the gross and microscopic anatomy and the physiology of the following organ systems of the human body: The central and peripheral nervous, endocrine, sensory, respiratory, digestive, reproductive, and excretory systems. A mandatory laboratory component will support and amplify the lecture material and allow the student to perform dissection on representative animal models.

An online component will allow the student to practice course content with additional exercises. Prerequisites: BI or Instructor permission 3 credit hrs lecture; 1 credit hr lab. This course examines the flow of biological information at the molecular, cellular, organismic, and population level. This course also explores the relationships between biological information and cellular structure and function.

The associated laboratory investigates questions related to information systems and cellular function and develops techniques relevant to these research areas. Prerequisites: BI, BI This course is designed to teach Mendelian and modified Mendelian inheritance including: genotypic and phenotypic variability, DNA replication, protein synthesis and genetic abnormalities.

This course explores biological inquiry as well as technical and analytical skills critical for student senior thesis projects, including: analysis of scientific literature, experimental design strategies, laboratory techniques, and use of laboratory equipment. Prerequisites: BI This course consists of the study of the nutrients required by the human body, the foods from which they are obtained, their utilization by the body and their importance for the maintenance of optimal health throughout the life span.

This course is designed to provide an overview of invertebrate and vertebrate zoology including: classification, development, morphology, anatomy, and physiology of the animal phyla. This course consists of the study of the structure, physiology, histology, ecology, and economic importance of plants.

A mandatory laboratory component will support and amplify the lecture material and allow the student to study live and preserved specimens. An online component will allow the student to practice course content with additional exercises and quizzes.

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General, medical, ecological, and applied microbiology including: bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and helminthic organisms. This course concentrates on refining the analytical and technical skills required for completion of the senior thesis project, including: laboratory techniques, analysis of published literature, experimental design, and communication of experimental findings. Fundamentals of modern biochemistry including such topics as molecular biology, the synthesis and metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, the study of energy metabolism, enzymes, genetic coding, and other current topics in the field.

Prerequisites: CH and CH or equivalent. This course focuses on general, medical, ecological, and applied microbiology including: bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and helminthic organisms. Prerequisites: BI , BI This course examines the cellular and humoral mediated immunology mechanisms including: structure of immunoglobulins and cellular mediators, autoimmunity, tissue transplantation, tumor immunology, and the immunological basis of diagnosis and therapeutics.

Prerequisite: BI , BI This course covers ethical issues in biology and medicine such as use of animals in research, euthanasia, reproductive ethics, triage, involuntary medical treatment, informed consent, etc. There will be an examination of literature pertaining to each side of these ethical issues and subsequent discussions of the arguments.

The implication of these ethical issues in policy decisions will also be discussed. Students will be evaluated based on class participation and written work. This course does not have any prerequisites and is suitable for both science majors and non-science majors with interests in ethical issues related to biology or medicine. This course investigates advanced concepts of modern molecular biology in prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems including such topics as transcription, translation, DNA replication, DNA repair, post-translational control, regulation of genetic information flow, and bioinformatics techniques.

Prerequisites: BI or instructor permission. The anatomy and physiology of women throughout their life span including issues relating to their health, nutrition, healthcare, and specific disorders and diseases relating to women. An experimental course covering topics not considered elsewhere in the Biology Area of Study.

Specific titles of courses offered under this heading will be listed in the course schedule for the sessions in which they are offered. Not offered every year. This course examines embryological development including: fertilization, cellular division, early development, differentiation, and precocious growth of multi-cellular organisms. A project developed by student and instructor culminating in a written and oral report to the faculty. Prerequisites: Senior level and permission. A project developed by the student and instructor culminating in a written and oral report to the faculty.

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Prerequisites: Senior level and BI The course is designed to help students gain knowledge about the dynamic world of management and begin to build skills required to be successful managers. Managers are required to constantly examine all the factors that influence business performance and take action to exceed performance expectations. In this course, students will learn how business works, the factors that influence a competitive edge, and the areas of accountability for management. This course explores the fundamentals of merchandising. Students learn and apply processes for receiving, presenting, and maintaining point-of-purchase materials, and learn how to use merchandising techniques to maximize revenue.

Students will consider various merchandising techniques and the impact of visual merchandising. A critical aspect of effective management is an understanding of business financial results and the ability to compare those results to current plans and past results. In this course, students analyze and compare financial reports to assess business performance. Using this data, students determine how to take appropriate action to drive revenue generation for the company. Successful organizations understand that service sells. In this course, students will learn how to create a customer experience that exceeds expectations and drives loyalty, along with methods for managing selling and service activities.

They will practice using performance metrics when developing plans to improve sales and ensuring customers are receiving great service. They will also apply the principles of customer relationship management CRM , team building, and effective leadership as elements of leading a sales and service team. In this course, students learn the importance of developing human capital management skills. They will apply basic Human Resources HR concepts when identifying potential recruits, hiring new employees, retaining existing employees, and conducting activities intended to improve employee performance.

Students will develop their understanding of common business metrics and basic math formulas, and how to apply them to business situations. They will use math skills to evaluate performance results and make business recommendations. Students will use different reporting systems to calculate and analyze business results, in order to understand how various business components affect the bottom line.

Students will use math applications to help them make decisions affecting business results. This course examines the factors that influence the development of a business strategy, HR and other resources, and business planning. Students will practice their skills in developing a strategic plan for their business.

Emphasis is placed on the principles, strategies, and planning for effective marketing management and performance. Social and other media contribute to the development of these plans and approaches. Students learn how to analyze and respond to business performance data. They will practice skills reviewing performance results, identifying risks and opportunities, and making business decisions. Elements include performance and financial plans, managing and analyzing budgets, reviewing merchandising and advertising plans, and applying techniques for driving financial results and running a profitable business.

Communication is a key skill that must be embraced and mastered by managers. Students will learn to effectively use dialogue skills to start and manage effective conversations. Students will explore the elements of different communication models and how to apply those models in various situations. Students will also practice presenting ideas and solutions for results, and making effective business presentations. The requirements for leading a high-performance team are not limited to executing management responsibilities and building relationships.

In this course, students will build skills in these essential areas: self-management, identifying priorities, acquiring and retaining talent, setting expectations, and encouraging superior performance during good and challenging times. Application of these skills will include learning how to develop employees and how to solve critical business problems.

Introduction to the design, operation, and control of domestic and international supply chain and logistics systems. Emphasis is placed on transportation, distribution and warehousing in the business enterprise. Pre-requisites: NONE. Focus is placed on effective global sourcing including demand planning and order fulfillment. The role of customer demand and materials management is emphasized. Application of business analytic techniques such as linear programming for intermodal transportation and inventory management. Additional mathematical model building techniques to direct order fulfillment and transport are addressed.

Introduction to the legal and regulatory process. The role of law in business operations and the influence of government structures at the international level are introduced. Strategies to marketing in a globally competitive environment are addressed. Topics include international product adaptation and multicultural consumer behavior. Pre-requisites: BA Topics include six sigma methodology and tools, lean thinking practices and tools, process mapping, and dashboard applications for business process improvement.

Pre-requisites: BSCL Application of cost accounting principles to include job order costing, budgeting, cash flow, risk analysis, time value of money and capital budgeting. Pre-requisites: AC Applies e-logistics to select optimum distribution channels to achieve global competitive advantage. Included are tools that create value in the supply chain customer relationship such as management bench-marking, ERP, supply chain management, data warehousing and mining, business intelligence, and product lifecycle management. Pre-requisites: BSCL , , This course focuses on tariffs and international regulatory systems, global financial systems, and international political and legal systems.

International carrier operations and sourcing strategies for import, export and distribution of materials and finished goods are examined. Covers facility location and off shoring of operations. Pre-requisites: BSCL , Focus is placed on the economic and service characteristics of international transportation. The role of government and the documentation requirements of global exporting and importing are emphasized. Also included are distribution techniques, major transportation modes and their capabilities and limitations. The legal framework of conducting business internationally including international law, contracts, carrier liability and world trade policy are examined.

Examines the value chain and innovation cycle from product conceptualization, technical feasibility, design specification, materials sourcing and product marketing. Analyze approaches to optimize supply chain relationships and business outcomes with vendors and carriers. Included are negotiation strategies for costing and pricing, bidding process and contracting.

Pre-requisites: BSCL , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Student develops a final project to solve significant operational problems and identify improvement opportunities in a service or manufacturing firm using integrated supply chain management strategies. This course introduces software, hardware and operating systems concepts. Topics include fundamentals of computer technology; installation and configuration of PCs, laptops and related hardware; and basic networking. This course addresses the skills and knowledge necessary to become an IT Professional in the networking field.

Topics include network technologies, installation and configuration, media and topologies, management, and security. This course introduces security concepts, tools, and procedures for preventing, mitigating and responding to security incidents. Network security, compliance and operational security, threats and vulnerabilities, application, data and host security, access control and identity management, and cryptography are explored. This course focuses on installing, configuring, diagnosing, and troubleshooting servers, including server hardware, general storage, upgrades, maintenance, and disaster recovery.

This course introduces Cisco routing and configuration concepts, including the basics of installation, operation and troubleshooting small enterprise networks. Topics include network security, routing and switching, simple network configuration, wide area network WAN technologies, and wireless networking concepts. This course introduces Internet working through the study of Cisco routing and switching.

Prerequisite: BSIT This course focuses on the skills needed to administer small to medium-sized networks in Microsoft Windows server environments. Issues dealing with network infrastructures, network hardware, protocols and services, security layers, operating system security, network security, and security software will be explored. This course introduces the knowledge and skills required to configure basic networks particularly skills associated with the technology used for archiving, backup, and restoration.

These topics are presented within activities which require students to perform basic troubleshooting operations and to perform documentation research. This course introduces cloud computing from a business and technical perspective, including implementing and governing a cloud environment. Topics include characteristics of cloud services from a business perspective, the business value of cloud computing, technical considerations, cloud types, steps to successful adoption, impact on IT service management, and risks and consequences.

This course provides a foundation for managing and maintaining the most current version of the Microsoft Windows Operating System. Issues dealing with operating system configurations, installing and upgrading client systems, managing files and folders, managing devices, operating system maintenance, server roles, active directory, storage, server performance management, and server maintenance will be addressed.

This course provides a foundation for creating and managing accounts and resources, implementing devices and drivers, and monitoring server performance and services in a Windows Server environment. This course provides a foundation for managing security of accounts and resources, monitoring server performance, and safeguarding data in a Windows Server environment. Topics include network infrastructures, network hardware, protocols and services, security layers, operating system security, network security, and security software. This course provides a monitored structure for study which can be used to apply knowledge and skills acquired throughout the program toward the completion of an approved vendor certification.

Students must submit a proposal for certification, including objectives, to the faculty sponsor prior to the start of the semester. A plan for completion of the approved certification and documentation for attainment of the objectives will be developed in conjunction with the faculty sponsor. Prerequisite: The Certification Component should be taken after completing a minimum of 18 credit hours of the required major courses.

Principles of the professional nurses' role, effective leadership and followership, and promotion of the profession are highlighted in this course. Prerequisite: Admission to program. The focus of the course is aimed at development of effective leadership skills and strategies for collaboration and conflict management. Prerequisite: BSNU The course will explore concepts and strategies that influence decision making, including negotiation strategies and considerations for the implication of professional values, motivation, education, and cultural competence. Emphasis includes methods, tools, resources, and technology systems used in healthcare information exchange and decision-making.

The focus of this course is consumer-ship of healthcare research and the application to evidence-based nursing practice. This course introduces types of research, data collection, analysis of data, and interpretation of data for implementation into practice. This course will provide the professional nurse with a broadened, population approach to wellness and health promotion as well as disease and injury prevention.

This course will examine regulation of healthcare through ethics, law, and policy. Emphasis is placed on the implications for healthcare delivery as well as nursing leadership and management. The focus of this course is to provide an introductory perspective of the role of a nurse leader or nurse manager to complex healthcare delivery systems and to provide a greater understanding of the role of the professional nurse as a contributor to the transformation of healthcare organizations.

This includes a 36 hour practicum experience. Prerequisite: BSNU and meet all practicum requirements. This course provides a strategic view of nursing leadership and management issues encountered by professional nurses in roles across the healthcare continuum.

This course requires a 36 hour practicum experience. In this course, students learn the basics of the provision of goods and services to consumers. Course topics include customary business technology, resources, terminology and concepts. In this course, students learn how to convey intended meanings from one business entity to another. Course topics include best practices in message composition, transmitting messages, and interpreting messages. In this course, students learn how to set strategy and coordinate efforts of employees to accomplish the objectives of the business.

Course topics include interpreting key performance indicators, linking actions, behaviors and consequences, and optimizing business performance. In this course, students learn how to manage employment related aspects of the business. Course topics include employee recruitment, establishing policies and procedures, and managing performance issues. In this course, students learn how to create, communicate, and deliver information that has value for business stakeholders.

Course topics include ethical and legal implications of decisions, how to best use the Internet and social media, and using information to maximize business performance. In this course, students learn how to analyze the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Course topics include systems and design thinking, performance analytics, and business strategy creation. In this course, students learn how to manage risk and uncertainty based on the assets, liabilities, and capital of the business.

Course topics include financial statement analysis, predicting opportunities and risks, and establishing rates of return. In this course, students learn how to apply techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods and services. Course topics include contemporary computer applications, as well as how to apply new technical knowledge to the business. In this course, students demonstrate mastery of knowledge, skills, and abilities learned over the duration of their study in the program. In this course, students learn best practices associated with integrating comprehensive business practices and concepts into their careers and personal lives.

Course topics include time management, applied research, mathematical computations, and financial analysis. This course provides an introduction to the functions of marketing and covers current marketing concepts and the practical application for the enterprise. Additional emphasis will be given to global markets, the Internet, social media, and multicultural marketing. This course introduces foundational communication skills for business and professional situations.

Emphasis is placed on the skills of developing effective workplace relationships, collaborating with others in groups and teams, and presenting information orally and in writing to meet audience needs. This course will help the student develop and apply the skills necessary to design and deliver an effective and well-organized speech. The course provides instruction in the preparation and delivery of various speech types while developing competencies in the areas of critical thinking, organization of thought, creativity, planning, and public speaking.

This course focuses on emotional intelligence as it relates to the workplace. Emphasis is placed on developing and leveraging emotional intelligence competencies. This course introduces the development and application of small group communication theories designed to enhance communication skills needed in the work place and in various social environments. Competencies in the areas of effective communication, adaptability, conveying information, managing conflict, organized thinking, and problem solving are addressed.

Prerequisite: CA This course examines the origins, development, and current role of mass media in shaping and reflecting society. Emphasis is placed on informed, critical consumption of mass media products and processes. This course introduces concepts and basic theories of interpersonal communication. Students will identify areas for personal improvement and for increasing their repertoire of communication behavior choices.

Competencies in the areas of listening, perceiving, integrating, and conveying information are addressed. This course introduces argumentation as a model of critical thinking. Arguments are analyzed and critiqued to develop skills in reasoning, using evidence, finding fallacious reasoning, and developing counterarguments and rebuttals. Cultural differences have profound effects on communication. This course examines communication challenges that arise from cultural diversity and explores ways to effectively address those challenges to create more inclusive workplace environments.

This course introduces the basic concepts of newsgathering and reporting for contemporary media. Emphasis is placed on developing writing and information gathering skills, using Associated Press style, and understanding the legal and ethical obligations of media writing. Prerequisite: EN This course examines the theory and practice of persuasion in various contemporary contexts including campaigns, movements, media, and advertising.

Emphasis is placed on analyzing the appeals made in persuasive messages and judging the ethicality of persuasion. This course addresses the application of nonverbal communication theories directed toward improved understanding of self and others in a variety of communication contexts. The course presents terminology, concepts, and models of nonverbal communication.

Competencies in the areas of effective social interaction, intercultural awareness, conversational adaptability, self-awareness, and relational communication are addressed. This course provides a comprehensive view of gender communication as it relates to its prevalence and impact in society. Research of gender communication serves to enhance greater understanding of the oppressive nature of gender communication and its influence on society. Competencies in the areas of perception, adaptability, critical thinking, and innovation are addressed.

This course introduces concepts and theories pertaining to conflict communication, conflict styles, and problem solving techniques needed to resolve conflict in work, social, and personal areas of problem solving, conflict resolution, and critical thinking. This course provides theory and practice of written skills needed in business through models, concepts, and case studies relevant to the workplace, while addressing business ethics and diversity issues.

Competencies in the areas of writing, organization of thought, creativity, and decision-making are addressed. Prerequisite: CA and EN Competencies in the areas of relationship development, listening, socialization, cognitive processing, and dealing with conflict are addressed. In this course, students use rhetorical theory to analyze popular culture and its effects. Students will become familiar with the work of prominent rhetorical theorists, will successfully apply rhetorical theory concepts to popular culture artifacts, and will develop their own rhetorical skills in thinking, speaking, and writing.

This course examines the theory and practice of health communication. Emphasis is placed on interpersonal relationships, social and cultural issues, and mediated messages concerning health communication. This course introduces concepts and case studies of communication related to the family by providing a wide range of family communication models and theories related to functional families and positive communication. Competencies in the areas of conflict, interpersonal communication, ethics, and leadership are addressed. This course surveys the history and present state of public relations.

Emphasis is placed on process, strategies, and tactics of public relations. Prerequisite: CA and CA This course presents an overview of organizational communication. It is a foundational course for those interested in majoring in organizational communication. It provides a general survey of the topic for those interested in only one course on the topic. The course will be oriented to both theory and practice. This course is designed to provide a foundation for understanding professional communication and for developing basic corporate communication skills.

This course orients the student to essential features of communication and develops competencies in conceptualizing oral and written communication and problem solving. This course explores the profound influences of digital communications on our professional and personal lives. Emphasis is placed on how communication technologies have developed, grown, and converged as well as an overview of wide-ranging disruptions caused by emerging devices, methods, channels, and platforms. This course introduces the practices and principles of communicating with internal stakeholders—specifically employees.

This course provides instruction on strategies, techniques and models of professional communication. Students will develop and apply skills at various communication levels and in a variety of contexts. Ruggedized systems that can withstand environmental extremes are a necessity for outdoor emplacement. Systems may be land-based or airborne, on the move or stationary.

The company will demonstrate the feasibility of the concept in meeting Army needs and will establish that the concept can be developed into a useful product. Material testing and analytical modeling will establish feasibility. The concept development effort should assess the importance of several acoustic sensing factors for the APV-P, such as dynamic range, wind noise mitigation, signal fidelity, preservation of waveform, sampling rates, well-defined calibration, and ease of calibration. Evidence of design optimization of these parameters, as well as a comparison between model predictions and measured performance are required.

Environmental parameters to be measured include wind velocity speed and direction , humidity, temperature, and atmospheric pressure. The APV-P will be designed to operate at frequencies between 0.

Essentials of Aeronautical Disciplines and Technology, with Historical Notes

Methods to manage different sound levels should be considered, such as adjustable gains. Data acquisition should have a minimum sampling rate of 25 kHz, with a minimum of bit resolution. Sensitivity of the particle velocity detection should be established to correspond with the sensitivity of the pressure sensing. Of particular concern is calibration of the system; methods for in-field, self-calibration are desired.

A ruggedized system is required, being able to operate in severe environments, including rain and fine-particulate environments. Environmental parameter sampling should provide for atmospheric thermal-mechanical turbulence characterization at the acoustic scales. The prototype will be evaluated to determine the capability in meeting performance goals and Army requirements. System performance will be demonstrated through prototype evaluation and modeling or analytical methods over the required range of parameters.

Evaluation results will be used to refine the prototype into a design that will meet Army requirements. The APV-P system should include wind noise mitigation. Documentation should include analyses comparing system response to scientific grade microphones, performance for harmonic and impulsive sources, direction finding compared to conventional systems including azimuth, elevation, and ranging sensitivity , assessment of wind noise mitigation, and preservation of acoustic waveform.

A compact design is envisioned, allowing emplacement on ground and air vehicles. The commercial market is typically quick to adopt technology that enhances performance while controlling cost and reducing SWaP. The company is expected to pursue civilian applications and additional commercialization opportunities. Second Edition. This algorithm will consolidate video data from an unnamed air vehicle in the form of data vectors that represent ground locations from multiple angles of observation. We are developing sensors mounted on unmanned air vehicles to detect and localize landmines, natural or manmade topography, and surface obstacles that limit maneuverability or threaten the combat vehicle.

To aid in this goal we will collect data over an environment from multiple look angles to improve our knowledge of the objects or conditions at ground locations. We believe that having multiple samples at a ground location will produce better features for subsequent algorithms. We seek assistance in this area from qualified companies who can implement algorithms that will identify terrain features from multiple video frames collected by an airborne imaging system.

Algorithms should process this data to determine 3D point clouds and subsequently assign to these points data associated with that location from multiple cameras and look angles. Topography and surface objects in the scene should be accounted for in the algorithms to appropriately register data to particular ground locations. The means of achieving this objective may include, but are not limited to, structure from motion, image transforms and photogrammetry.

It is desirable that 3D information about the environment be obtained as an intermediate product. A potential benefit of this level of processing is the ability for the algorithm to discriminate above ground clutter from surface level terrain or obstacles. Likewise, information about the relative attitude of the air platform would be beneficial. Contractor data may be used to develop the algorithms, but as these algorithms mature Government provided data will be utilized to assess performance on data collected at Government test sites.

This algorithm will preferentially operate using image data alone. Subsequent detection processing of the assembled feature vectors should be considered in the context of improving resolution and registration accuracy, but this solicitation is does not encompass advanced automatic target detection development. Preliminary testing of contractor or modeled data should be performed to determine the ground sampling density achievable as a function of standoff distance, magnification and pixel size.

The impact of optical distortions, frame rate, range of collection and nadir vs. The final report will be include the expected performance as a function of system parameters and sufficient information to determine the necessary conditions for sensors and platforms to achieve accurate image registration to ground locations. Data assessment methods will be developed to determine the accuracy and stability of algorithm for various controlled data collections as well as field conditions without fiducial targets.

The algorithm will show a path to continuous operation at realistic frame rates. The algorithm will be implementable on processing hardware scaled for size, weight, and power appropriate for an unmanned aerial vehicle. The algorithm should be demonstrated on such a processor or demonstrated to specify the processing and computation needs required. Resolution is desired on the order of 10cm for select regions of interest.

Thus, the holistic algorithm may require trivial pre-screener processing to limit processing regions requiring improved resolution. The Phase II final report will include detailed system software and hardware design, system capability and limitations, detailed summary of testing and results, lessons learned, critical technology and performance risks. This may be combined as a complete product for commercial sales, or as an algorithmic add on that utilizes Government or commercial sensors and platforms. This phase will improve accuracy of the methods and produce consistent feature vectors of image data associated with locations in the scene.

CVPR IEEE Conference on, pp. IEEE, However, these achievements have been almost entirely based on visible band imagery and video. The data requirements of these algorithms are enormous, and developers have been able to rely on masses of readily available visible band data. Militarily significant IR data does not currently exist in the quantities and varieties necessary to fully leverage the advantages of Deep Learning.

What is needed a set of techniques and algorithms which can artificially generate militarily significant as in specific localities and target types IR video and imagery in entirety and to augment existing IR data with novel prescribed objects and targets. Success and promise has recently been shown by Generative Adversarial Networks. However, these image constructions are mostly intended for visual effect. Much higher fidelity is essential to training AiTRs. This effort aims at overcoming data limitations listed above and enhancing realism of current NVESD modeling systems.

The goal is to support an IR AiTR effective fieldable system—enhancing vehicle threat detection and avoidance. This effort will enable NGCV sensors to rapidly determine external threats and alleviate operator fatigue via automation of surveillance and navigational functions. Show proof of concept for algorithms to greatly improve realism of synthetic imagery.

Integrate algorithms into comprehensive algorithm suite. Demonstrate feasibility of techniques in creating IR video sequences. Distribute demonstration code to Government for independent verification. Successful testing at the end of Phase 1 must show a level of algorithmic achievement such that potential Phase 2 development demands few fundamental breakthroughs but would be a natural continuation and development of Phase 1 activity.

Complete implementation of algorithms. Test completed algorithms on government controlled data. Principle deliverables are the algorithms. Documented algorithms will be fully deliverable to government in order to demonstrate and further test system capability.

Successful testing at end of Phase 2 must show level of algorithmic achievement such that potential Phase 3 algorithmic development demands no major breakthroughs but would be a natural continuation and development of Phase 2 activity. Complete final software system implementation of algorithms. Documented algorithms along with system software will be fully deliverable to government in order to demonstrate and further test system capability.

Civilian applications will be in night surveillance, crowd monitoring, navigation aids, and devices requiring rapid adaptation to new environments. Mission-specific applications for high-sensitivity sensors extend across multiple infrared bands, including long wavelength microns. ROIC design has evolved to improve sensor performance and to include more on-chip functionality, such as digitization and signal processing.

Technological developments in commercial, three-dimensional 3D , wafer-to-wafer level integration are leading to interconnect densities [1, 2, 3] relevant to state-of-the-art IRFPA applications. Such 3D integration offers potential, significant cost savings for IRFPA fabrication, particularly, if wafer-to-wafer integration can be realized. Non-technical challenges need also be considered such as: actual cost benefits, given the potential technical constraints, relatively small production quantities [4]; security, trustworthiness of hardware, foundry etc.

This analysis shall include technical, cost and security considerations. This analysis shall consist of a trade study of various processes and parameters constrained by compatibility with IRFPA processing and operation: for example, comparison of wafer-to-wafer, die-to-wafer and die-to-die integration modes. Based upon the results of this analysis, the performer shall develop a plan to develop, to implement and to demonstrate 3D integration technology in an IRFPA product that is relevant to Army requirements. The performer shall implement, demonstrate, test and evaluate the resulting process, in hardware, in a relevant IRFPA product.

Dual use applications include: machine vision, autonomous vehicles, security, process control, environmental monitoring, scientific instruments, and astronomy. Reduction of power, bandwidth, and head borne heat of these microdisplays is important for all DoD application, but it is especially important for untethered infantry. A 2, x 2, reconfigurable microdisplay capable of reduced power operation with a moveable full-resolution window within a field of reduced resolution has been developed under government contract and is available as GFE for this effort, but an alternative display solution is also acceptable.

Coupling a reconfigurable display with an eyepiece and an eye tracker would allow power to be saved by keeping the high resolution area of the display only where the fovea is located. Build a demonstrator that can be large scale desktop display and computer that shows eye tracking and reduces the resolution electronically or optically of the display in areas outside the fovea TRL 4. The demonstrator will be used to examine the visual performance for detecting and responding to peripheral visual cues based on the interaction of the foveal area profile vs.

The demonstrator will include a way to measure the power for full vs. Address integration issues, cost, and power reduction vs. Rash et al. Clarence E. Rash, U. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory Attenuator will capable of changing from high optical transmission for an unobscured view of the environment to low transmission to enhance the contrast of the display versus the ambient.

A contrast of 1. Reducing the transmission of the see-through optic, such as a visor, can aid with display contrast and readability, but the transmission needs to be high in some operations, especially at night, to allow the user to see details in the real environment through the optic. Arbitrarily driving the brightness of the display source brighter would enable readability, but it may increase power and thermal management demands beyond allowable limits, especially for untethered infantry.

It also limits the display and optical technologies available for augmented reality solutions. See-through displays are also subject to external hazards and threats that occluded systems are not. A continuously variable attenuator can allow full daylight readability in bright ambient conditions, a clear view of the real world in night operations, and can have built in protections against hazards and threats. An automatic adjustment of the transmission is optional, but a manual adjustment override is essential.

Hazard and threat protection is also optional. Address spectrum, level of attenuation, switching speeds, localized attenuation, and potential hazard and threat protection. Provide sample demonstrators of attenuator technology TRL 4. Phase I demonstrators may utilize planar substrates. Develop a fully functional demonstrator that is integrated with a see-through head worn display TRL 6. Apply technology to larger HUDs in aircraft and to vehicle windows. Implement hazard and threat protection if not already included. Draper et al.

Harding, Clarence E. Harding et al. Examples of these advances include colloidal semiconductor quantum dots, quantum wire carbon nanotubes, and graphene with combined structures that could potentially enable highly beneficial detector designs for photoconductors, photodiodes, or field effect transistors These and similar technologies may be the future steps for high-speed, compact, lightweight, and low-cost sensor operation. In this topic, high-speed, high-performance infrared detector concepts operating at room temperature are being pursued to support small, lightweight, low-power soldier sensor systems that perform better than current imagers.

Detectors should operate at very high speeds like quantum detectors, and at room-temperature like bolometers. For the future Army dismounted soldiers, low cost and small size, weight and power SWaP infrared sensors are critical to equip our soldiers in the battlefield.

The detailed detector performance includes but is not limited to 1 High speed at Hz operation, 2 High performance comparable to or better than the current bolometers at room temperature, 3 Suitability for large format, small pitch focal plane array fabrication, 4 Compatibility with existing readout integrated circuitry for detector integration, and 5 Cost lower than current bolometers.

The cutoff wavelength can be in the long- or mid-wavelength infrared spectrum. It is highly desired to have the capability to capture a thermal image without light. Low-light-level, visible or near infrared detectors will also be considered. A suitable digital readout integrated circuit ROIC should be identified for uncooled detector use.

Assist Army in transitioning this technology to the appropriate Prime Contractor s for the engineering integration and testing. Pimpinellaa, Anthony J. Greina, and Philippe Guyot-Sionnestb, Proc. Optical Mater. Hill, Sam A. Ting, and Sarath D. Gunapala, Applied Physics Letters , It is a leading cause of fever in military deployed to tropical regions [Gibbons, EID, ], and the global incidence of dengue has dramatically increased in the last three decades [Messina, Trends Microbiol, ]. The four dengue virus serotypes complicate risk management and readiness.

First dengue infections are often asymptomatic and dramatically increase the chance of a more severe infection when exposed to a second dengue serotype [Soo, PLOS One, ]. Clinical trials have shown that dengue vaccines are less effective and potentially dangerous when administered to those who have not been previously exposed to dengue, as is the case with the majority of the US Military [Sridhar, NEJM, ; Gibbons, EID, ]. The World Health Organization now recommends that determining dengue exposure history serostatus is critical to inform what vaccine strategy should be used in order to maximize dengue protection and avoid vaccine related harm [Vannice, Vaccine, ].

Immunological assays which can detect prior exposure to dengue do exist, but they are not point-of-care [Welch, J Virol Methods, ]. The current, approved, gold-standard to accurately determine dengue exposure history is to use plaque-reduction neutralizing assays PRNT. The turn-around time for a PRNT result is too long when large-scale dengue vaccine programs are underway, particularly for time-sensitive mass deployments.

Waiting for PRNT results would be unfeasible even for routine recruit basic training vaccination programs. This assay was designed primarily as a clinical ZIKV diagnostic assay. Moreover, this assay is not point-of-care and requires laboratory expertise for use and interpretation [Balmaseda, PNAS, ]. This would be vital for time-sensitive dengue vaccination programs of large volumes of troops before deployment when it would not be possible to obtain their serostatus in a feasible time frame.

It would also remove the need to perform thousands to millions of expensive, time-demanding PRNT assays in existing Department of Defense laboratories which currently do not have the capacity to perform such a large volume of reference dengue diagnostic tests. A point of care dengue specific exposure device will reduce risk of any current or future dengue vaccine and pre-deployment dengue exposure testing will identify soldiers and general population that are at increased risk of severe disease when traveling or deploying to high risk dengue regions of the world.

Of note this device would not be an acute disease diagnostic to identify pathogens causing fever and dengue disease. While current acute point-of-care febrile disease diagnostic platforms can estimate primary versus secondary dengue infection, they are calibrated and validated to do so only during an acute febrile illness and they cannot accurately detect prior dengue exposure in the asymptomatic host which would typically have far lower circulating levels of anti-flavivirus antibodies.

This validation will include metrics of assay validity and reliability, with estimates of uncertainty around these metrics. This validation must address the broad genetic and antigenic diversity of DENV by global location. The transfer from research to operational capacity would occur via the biotechnological industry pathway, such that appropriate scale up and feasible unit costs can be accommodated.

It is envisaged that this point-of-care test that could be operated by a nurse or other healthcare professional in the office without the need for laboratory expertise. A similar consumer group may be civilians presenting to a travel clinic for pre-travel dengue risk advice and vaccination. This end-product would also be critical for civilian population dengue vaccination programs and we would envisage it would be used on a population scale in dengue endemic regions to facilitate widespread dengue vaccination programs which are projected to greatly reduce the overall burden of dengue in many tropical regions, but which are currently restricted by host serostatus safety concerns.

Current guidance from the WHO for the current single licensed dengue vaccine which is now licensed in over 20 countries is that the host dengue sero-status should be determined before vaccination [Vannice, Vaccine, ]. However, this may be logistically and financially prohibitive in many lower-resource regions, even if recently developed ELISA platforms are extensively validated and approved for diagnostic use [Turner, Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg.

Antibody-based assay discriminates Zika virus infection from other flaviviruses. Emerging infectious diseases. Human antibody responses after dengue virus infection are highly cross-reactive to Zika virus. N Engl J Med. Clinical development and regulatory points for consideration for second-generation live attenuated dengue vaccines. Currently, seekers are capable of target detection in low clutter environments. To field a fully effective weapon that is also safe for use in conditions where there is high fratricide or collateral damage concern, the ability to discriminate between target types and between friend and foe rapidly within minutes and under extremely dynamic conditions is required.

Detailed requirements will be provided after contract award. A final report will document testing results and present the top level plan to continue development in Phase II. The result of Phase II will be a prototype design, including applicable technical data, which will be integrated into current and future munition designs for advanced target recognition.

Zucker, November Interpreting the visual results of the inspections is a challenge and requires highly trained individuals Level III Radiographers to determine what, if any, problems actually exist. As this technology is meant to be incorporated in a production line, the expectation is that it will support three dimensional inspection and interpretation of defects at a production rate of up to 1 unit per minute, and items up to 6. Defects include cavities, porosity, piping, voids, gaps, low density, annular rings, cracks and inclusions ranging from 0.

The technology must reside on a standard computer system linked to the inspection equipment and receive the electronic images from the radiography system.

Specific interface requirements will be provided after contract award. This topic will also develop and deliver the output screens that provide the proper data and information that a Level II radiographer is trained to understand. The government may also provide actual images obtained during prior government testing. The result of Phase II will be a prototype design, including applicable technical data, which will be integrated into current and future radiography inspection systems at multiple government locations.

Mery and C. The SCA decouples waveform software from its platform-specific software and hardware, facilitates waveform software re-use, and minimizes development expenditures. The SCA v4. DoD Instruction The main objective is to develop an automated testing platform as a dynamic testing method for the SCA 4. This effort develops an extensible environment for the construction, organization, execution, and summary of automated, reproducible compliance tests on SCA 4.

The resultant product of this effort would be transitioned to the Joint Tactical Network Center. The tool employs both dynamic and static testing approaches since some of the SCA requirements may not be verified by dynamic testing. The reports will include all technical challenges, technical risk, and progress against the schedule. The Li-ion 6T is a drop-in replacement for legacy Lead-Acid 6T batteries for starting, lighting, and ignition SLI and silent-watch applications, and provides the same form, fit, and expanded function, including increased silent watch time, significantly extended cycle life, and faster recharge time.

Deficiencies in Li-ion 6T manufacturing inspection technologies and processes could result in three possible undesirable outcomes: 1 battery products with latent defects, in either the cells or BMS, which causes premature failure or safety issues in the field such as an internal cell short ; 2 battery products with deficient performance for their intended function as a result of poorly matched cells such as poor cycle life ; or 3 low yield resulting in increased production cost through waste.

Technologies developed should be specifically for Li-ion battery pack production processes versus cell production processes and should be specifically focused on cell selection at the start of the pack production process and end-of-line testing of the final product at the end of the pack production process. Currently, cells within the Li-ion 6T battery are matched in many cases simply by capacity and internal resistance and manufacturing cell selection equipment and processes are not designed specifically with Li-ion 6T in mind. Cell selection solutions should take into account technologies such as internal resistance measurement, internal short detection, electro-impedance spectroscopy, calorimetry, and neural networks as well as other innovative analysis techniques.

End-of-line test solutions must be able to account for the whole operational voltage and temperature range of the battery as well as be capable of simulating pulse events such as cold crank. The systems and solutions developed should be open-architecture to the greatest extent possible. Technology developed should be generally applicable and adaptable to all Li-ion 6T products as well as to all low-voltage commercial Li-ion battery packs.

Innovative solutions developed for pack end-of-line testing shall include the ability to determine compliance to all MIL-PRF periodic production inspection PPI tests and have a secure way of reporting results of PPI testing to the Qualifying Activity such as public-private key encryption. Automated PPI testing using technologies developed under this effort shall reduce the time required for completion of PPI by half. Drawings showing realistic designs based on engineering studies are expected deliverables. A bill of materials and volume part costs for the Phase I designs should also be developed.

This phase also needs to address the challenges identified in the above description. Testing of the Phase II design shall include mock manufacturing runs using small production batches of Li-ion 6T cells and Li-ion 6T batteries. A bill of materials and volume part costs for the Phase II design should also be developed. Specifically, the incorporation of such things as neural networks and training processes has elevated artificial intelligence AI and machine learning ML as key innovation areas for detecting, characterizing and cataloging highly complex signal types in the EMS.

The unit would be able to detect and characterization various signal types and modulations. It would also provide performance and monitoring tools to provide real-time feedback to operators. The incorporation of data analytics for validation and visualization would be included in the unit. Conduct testing to prove feasibility over extended operating conditions. Demonstrate that the product can be integrated and utilized in a tactical system with minor modifications to include form, fit, function changes and minor interface upgrades.

Demonstration will provide key decision points on interoperability, MOSA integration, and tactical feasibility. Implementation of machine learning applications on a fixed-point DSP. Despite these shortfalls Aerostats are in high demand from our coalition partners. It is anticipated that the airship functionality could potentially be obtained thru normal P3I efforts and little to no additional program costs. Our fires community can provide strategic fires hundreds of miles further than our current sensors can currently provide persistent coverage.

UAV and space based assets are vulnerable to enemy targeting and are too expensive to provide persistent low cost wide area coverage.

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  3. Nana, Vol. 1: v. 1.
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  7. Once targeted UAV and space based sensors are difficult and expensive to reconstitute in any reasonable period of time. Follow on efforts would further scale this capability for use in tactical, operational and strategic missions. Effort would enable Aerostats to operate autonomously or as remote controlled unmanned Airships that can be statically deployed via tethers as they are now but with the ability to drop its tether and self-deploy within its theater while conducting limited wide area operations LCP ISR.

    Endurance for static operations would be 30 days continuous operations and 7 days during airship mode operations with an operational range of miles. While these systems would be vulnerable to enemy targeting and destruction, the systems would be considered attritable and due to their low cost; easily replaceable. It is anticipated that enemy action would be counterproductive due to the necessary enemy disclosure that would result. Ryan, Jr.

    Small innovative business insights to support highly survivable short to moderate range Army Air and Missile Defense AMD acquisition and fire control sensors initiatives is sought. On-board passive and low probability of intercept sensors must be compatible with supported unit battlefield environments and vehicle form factors. The prioritized targets to be addressed are: 1.

    Sensors are required to perform target acquisition at all mission phases and to support target engagement on the move or on a short halt. Preference is for the sensor to support high volume of fire required to a large number of different target types in a combined saturation attack. Sensor related elements of the kill chain include: 1. Target acquisition. Positive identification, Identification of Friend or Foe or classification of non-combatant. Weapon cueing with possible fire control capability and kill assessment of kinetic and non-kinetic engagements.

    Some technologies may be commercial-off-the-shelf tools that can be innovatively employed to operationally harden systems operate with minimal signature in the battlefield ground mobile environment. Some technologies may be new and, as yet, not well known. False targets must be minimized, but sensors must provide actionable data in real time. Sensors could be signature based, behavior based or may leverage a technique that is yet to be developed.

    Investigations should include estimated development and production costs to support preliminary government budgeting activities. Once investigation and research of potential technology is complete, the offeror will, in an unclassified format, identify implementation options in a Phase 1 report. The sensor should fully address integration, size-weight-and-power SWAP , and any system performance or impacts. Given a viable technical approach and performance, estimate and refine development, support and production costs to be included with technical concept data and delivered prototype implementation.

    Current ballistic protection of the HGUP helmet is limited to a. Multiple ballistic material technologies have been published in the last year suggesting ballistic improvement to the aviation helmet can be achieved with minimal weight increase. The study shall also project durability and retrofit time for each solution. A demonstration of ballistic performance of the technology proposed is required. Options for introduction of the new material s proposed include retrofit of the existing helmet most desirable , replacement of the helmet shell, replacement of the helmet liner foam, or replacement of both the liner and foam lease desirable.

    Ballistic improvement can be projected as a function of keeping total helmet weight equal or less than existing helmet of each size. Four helmet s will be furnished to the vendor for retrofit and ballistic testing. The retrofit process for the helmet will be documented for each solution. A summary report at the end of the study shall document ballistic performance improvement of each solution, identify exact weight impact to the helmet, identify retrofit time and cost of each solution and assess durability of each solution.

    The contractor shall update the product specification with the new ballistic performance capability to reflect the improved armor protection and a projection of increased weight based on prototype production. Perform bench testing for all helmet specification requirements on production representative prototypes. Deliverables will include test plan, test report, updated helmet specification reflecting measured improvement in ballistic performance, minutes for all meetings conducted with the vendor, presentation slides for retrofit application of ballistic material, a white paper detailing the retrofit process of the ballistic material, and a cost report detailing retrofit cost as a function of helmet quantity from a minimum of 50 and up to at a time.

    Update the helmet item specification to reflect final production process weight. Aviation helmets used throughout DOD may find retrofit application for this same process. Commercial jet engines may find an ultra light coating application capable of resisting turbine blade failure causing injury or death to a passenger aircraft.

    This topic addresses lighter tactical power generation that increases the ability to operate semi-independently; a critical enabling technology to the Soldier Lethality Army Modernization Priority. The Power Generation for Individual Soldier device shall provide a minimum of 6 watts of continuous uninterrupted power for 24 hours. The device, including fuel source as applicable, shall have a volume not to exceed 50 cubic inches and shall not weigh more than 2.

    No dimension shall exceed 12 inches. It shall operate during day and night. Include unit cost projections in the Technical Report. A breadboard demonstration of proposed design is encouraged. Deliver two TRL 6 prototypes to the Government. Deliver Final Technical Report, which includes a product specification and estimated unit production cost.

    Besides the obvious first responders' and outdoors' types of applications, this device could potentially end the current problem with handheld and other power consuming devices, where their batteries run out of power before consumers have a chance to find a place to plug in. With the constant growth of wireless services and the capabilities of wearable devices, current battery technology is not keeping up with power consumption.

    This could be the solution. Phase III shall consist of the development of the producibility of this item for military use. Small arms exterior ballistic calculations, used to predict an aim point in order to hit a target, are based on either estimated muzzle velocities or measured muzzle velocities which are typically taken when zeroing a weapon and before executing a mission.