e-book No Baboons in India

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However, at the same time, they're protected animals, who are only reacting to a situation they have been put into by mankind. It's not as if their actions are motivated out of anything other than a desire to survive. As India's urbanization rapidly expands into the forests and wilderness, the new blocks replace a monkey's natural habitat—so the only solution is either to co-exist by scaring them off with ridiculous concepts like the " Langur Protection Squad " , culling them, or move them into sanctuaries— like the Bhatti Mines.

None of which have worked and all of which are problematic on an animal rights level. People don't, to put it simply, have a fucking clue how to live with monkeys. Not on this kind of scale. A High Court Order made it mandatory for monkeys in sanctuaries to be fed by humans, rather than planting bansa, gram, and banana plants that yield fruit the monkeys can collect themselves. Feeding is a pretty inefficient way to deal with intelligent creatures—it transforms a recently de-homed, feral animal into a semi-dependent creature that wanders the street stealing food that it believes is its own.

Throughout Delhi, it's only a matter of time before new areas get "infested" with monkeys —who were there in the first place. The problem is, the money is being terribly spent—they don't actually provide proper food or water supplies. An angry-looking rhesus macaque in India. Image via Wikimedia Commons. Human error in dealing with monkeys is a huge problem, obviously, as the government's Forest Department spends most of its cash on feeding them.

Monkeys are also considered sacred by the Hindu religion, in connection with the god Hanuman , which is a whole different barrel of monkeys.


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During expansion in the pilgrimage site of Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh, all the way back in , for example, monkeys were moved to a forest nearby, only to come wandering back a week later more violent than before. The monkeys then develop skills to snatch food, which is when they come into conflict with humans, enter houses, societies, apartment complexes.

Even on 15th and 20th floors, it doesn't matter. This particular act reminded me of how some parents put leashes on their children so they won't wander too far. This example demonstrated how similar the behavior of hamadryas baboons and humans can be. Throughout my life I have enjoyed observing animals and the way they interact with their surroundings. Walking through parks I have watched squirrels, birds and other animals, always curious to know what their actions meant. Consequently, when I had the opportunity to study the hamadryas baboons at the Prospect Park Zoo, I decided to focus my research on their behavior.

When I visit zoos, I always wonder how much the animals' behavior is affected by their captivity. So I decided to conduct a comparative study that contrasted the research of the primatologist Larissa Swedell on hamadryas baboons in the wild to a behavioral study of the hamadryas baboons at the zoo. There were two main goals for this study. The first was to compare the behavior of hamadryas baboons in the wild to those of captive baboons.

The second goal was to investigate which behaviors occurred the most frequently in the captive group. The null hypothesis for my first question is that there will be no differences in the behaviors of captive hamadryas baboons compared to wild hamadryas baboons. My alternative hypothesis is that there will be differences in some of the behaviors of captive hamadryas baboons compared to wild hamadryas baboons.


  • Introduction.
  • Hamadryas Baboons, Papio hamadryas: Captive vs. Wild!
  • Progress in Self Psychology, V. 16: How Responsive Should We Be?!

The independent variables were wild and captive hamadryas baboons, and the dependent variable was their behavior. My null hypothesis for the second question is that no one behavior will occur more frequently than any other behavior among the captive baboons at the Prospect Park Zoo. My alternative hypothesis for the second question is that grooming will occur more frequently than any other behavior exhibited by the captive baboons. The reason I predicted grooming as the most frequent behavior is because baboons groom each other to create better relationships with the members of the troop Flannery.

Also, while grooming, baboons reciprocate and groom each other. So I predicted that grooming would be the behavior most often observed among the captive baboons.

Baboon - Wikipedia

I observed 10 captive hamadryas baboons that were separated into two troops at the Prospect Park Zoo. To answer my first question, I used a checklist to observe their behaviors and later compared these behaviors to a checklist compiled by primatologist Larissa Swedell when she studied wild hamadryas baboons in the lowlands of the Northern Rift Valley in Ethiopia Swedell For my second question, I collected data about the frequency of behaviors performed by the captive baboons at the Prospect Park Zoo.

I divided baboon behaviors into four major categories: sitting, grooming, eating and walking. I conducted my observations over six days, for four hours each visit, for a total of 24 hours of observation. I arrived early when the zoo opened in order to see the first troop on exhibit, which consisted of one alpha male, one dominant female, two mothers and two infants. When I arrived, I identified each individual before starting my observations.

Identification was determined by looking at their size and their injuries. One of the female baboons was easy to identify because she did not have a baby. The alpha male was easy to identify because of his large size and the abundant fur on his back. After learning their identities, I wrote their names in a chart in my field journal. I started with the alpha male simply because he was the easiest to locate. I started my stopwatch and jotted down his behavior for continuous second intervals. After 15 minutes, I stopped my observations of the male. Then I repeated the same steps for another of the baboons.

When I was finished with the first troop, I stopped for the morning and waited until the afternoon for the second group to come out on exhibit. In the second troop, there was one alpha male, another male and four females. Once again, I identified each individual before starting my observations. Then I started with the alpha male and recorded his behaviors for 15 minutes for continuous second intervals.

When I finished with the alpha male, I moved on to the other five baboons in the troop. During each expedition, I videotaped the baboons using a Panasonic camcorder, which allowed me to review and record any behaviors I might have missed. Hamadryas baboons live throughout Africa but mainly in Ethiopia Swedell Classification of mammals above the species level.

New York: Columbia University Press. Jan Journal of Human Evolution. Feeding ecology". Contributions to Primatology. Convergent adaptations of baboons and snub-nosed monkeys? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. Reproductive decisions: an economic analysis of gelada baboon social strategies.

Princeton, N. J: Princeton University Press. Science Daily.

by Henry, Grade 11, New York, 2011 YNA Winner

Folia Primatologica. Reproductive behavior". Animal Behaviour. National Geographic Society. Retrieved 7 March Auditory communication and social relations". Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Bibcode : ASAJ Individual relationships within a unit". Extant species of family Cercopithecidae Old World monkeys subfamily Cercopithecinae.

Allen's swamp monkey A. Angolan talapoin M.

Do wild baboons really keep puppies for pets?

Patas monkey E. Green monkey C. Dryas monkey C. Barbary macaque M.

Monkey Attacks. Indian Street Gangsters. Funny Macaque

Grey-cheeked mangabey L. Kipunji R. Olive baboon P. Gelada T.

Occult Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Chacma Baboons, South Africa

Sooty mangabey C. Mandrill M. Hidden categories: Pages with citations lacking titles Wikipedia introduction cleanup from August All pages needing cleanup Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from August All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify Articles with 'species' microformats Articles containing Amharic-language text. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Female with baby drinking Both near Debre Libanos , Ethiopia. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gelada. Wikispecies has information related to Gelada.